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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 15-18

Association of nonnutritive sucking habits and malocclusion: A cross-sectional study

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Saveetha Dental College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Deepa Guruanthan
Saveetha Dental College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between nonnutritive sucking habits (NNSHs) and development of malocclusion. Objective: The objective of the study is to assess the association of NNSHs and malocclusion. Materials and Methods: A total of 400 children between the age group of 3-6 years were examined for the presence of NNSHs, and factors that influence the habit were assessed through a questionnaire that was distributed to the parents of all the children and their oral cavity was examined for the presence of malocclusion. Results: Out of the 230 children who took part in the study, 61% of them showed the presence of a digit-sucking habit. Factors such as parent's education, socioeconomic factors, and duration of breastfeeding had a positive influence on NNSH. It was found that 58.1% of digit suckers showed the presence of malocclusion. Conclusion: Digit-sucking habits were found in three-fourth of the children and found a significant association between NNSH and malocclusion.

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